A form of internal radiotherapy, Radioactive iodine treatment is typically taken in a gel tablet form.
It destroys any cancer cells left behind after surgery. Talk to your doctor about the safety measures required for this type of treatment.
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External radiotherapy the use of high energy X-rays may be given after surgery, particularly if the cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the neck, or for thyroid cancers that are less responsive to radioactive iodine treatment such as medullary or anaplastic thyroid cancers. Chemotherapy is sometimes used to treat thyroid cancer that is not responding to radioactive iodine treatment. It is usually given as a drug that is injected into a vein intravenously. Depending on your treatment, your treatment team may consist of a number of different health professionals, such as:.
In some cases of thyroid cancer, your medical team may talk to you about palliative care. Palliative care aims to improve your quality of life by alleviating symptoms of cancer. As well as slowing the spread of thyroid cancer, palliative treatment can relieve pain and help manage other symptoms. Treatment may include radiotherapy, chemotherapy or other drug therapies.
Thyroid Cancer: Symptoms and Signs
It is not possible for a doctor to predict the exact course of a disease, as it will depend on each person's individual circumstances. However, your doctor may give you a prognosis, the likely outcome of the disease, based on the type of thyroid cancer you have, the test results, the rate of tumour growth, as well as your age, fitness and medical history. The most common types of thyroid cancer have very good long-term prognosis, especially if the cancer is found early. However, if familial medullary thyroid cancer is detected in a family, the rest of the family can be tested for the mutated gene.
If a family member has the mutated gene, they can elect to have preventative treatment, such as surgery to remove the thyroid. Last medical review of source booklet: January Cancer in Australia Cancer series no. It is more common in women than men.
Thyroid cancer seems to be getting more common in recent years. Doctors believe this is because new technology lets them find small thyroid cancers that were harder to find before. For more information please read our information booklet on Understanding Cancer of the Thyroid pdf, 2. Email us. Online community. Irish Cancer Society Daffodil Centres provide in-person, one-on-one cancer information, support and advice in local hospitals across Ireland.
Find a Daffodil Centre. Living with cancer can affect all areas of your life. Find out ways we can provide practical and emotional support to cancer patients, their loved ones and carers. Cancer Nurseline. Night Nursing. Jump to Navigation.
Thyroid cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Irish Cancer Society. Questions or concerns about cancer? Search form Search. The next section in this guide is Diagnosis. It explains what tests may be needed to learn more about the cause of the symptoms. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.
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A lump in the front of the neck, near the Adam's apple Hoarseness Swollen glands in the neck Difficulty swallowing Difficulty breathing Pain in the throat or neck A cough that persists and is not caused by a cold If you are concerned about any changes you experience, please talk with your doctor. Types of Cancer. Thyroid Cancer Guide. Net Guide Thyroid Cancer. Medical Illustrations. Risk Factors. Symptoms and Signs. Types of Treatment.
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