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Interactions in Online Education. Charles Juwah. Doing Practitioner Research. Mark Fox. ICT in the Primary School. Gary Beauchamp. Edward Vickers. Supporting Primary Teaching and Learning.
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Would you like us to take another look at this review? No, cancel Yes, report it Thanks! You've successfully reported this review. It also indexes individually selected, relevant items from over 6, major science and social science journals. AusStage AusStage provides an accessible online resource for researching live performance in Australia. Development is led by a consortium of universities, government agencies, industry organisations and collecting institutions with funding from the Australian Research Council and other sources.
AusStage enables research on live performance as a wealth-producing creative industry. AusStage is committed to collecting and sharing information about Australian live performance as an ongoing, open-access and collaborative endeavour. AustLit : the resource for Australian literature AustLit is a collaboration between eight Australian Universities and the National Library of Australia providing authoritative information on hundreds of thousands of creative and critical Australian literature works relating to more than 75, Australian authors and literary organisations.
Its coverage spans to the present day. AustLit indexes and describes Australian literature published in a range of print and electronic information sources. It also makes available selected critical articles and creative writing in full text. Researchers, bibliographers and librarians, working around the country, gather information about Australian writers and writing, providing authoritative information on and facilitating access to Australian literature. Dance in video Searchable database containing streaming video files of dance productions and documentaries by influential performers and companies of the 20th century.
Selections cover ballet, tap, jazz, contemporary, experimental, and improvisational dance, as well as forerunners of the forms and the pioneers of modern concert dance. Videos can be browsed by people, role, ensemble, genre, and venue. Material types include documentaries, editorials, instructional, interviews, and performances. Database users may create their own custom playlists and video clips. Provides online access to a digital streaming video collection of unique films of current, leading British theatre productions. Includes behind-the-scenes documentaries as well as teaching and learning resources to facilitate a deeper understanding of the productions and texts.
Learning resources include a detailed introduction, plot summary, character biographies, a relationship map, language analysis, scene study, performance background and historical context for each play. Updates vary. Drama online Includes full texts of plays from across the history of the theatre, ranging from Aeschylus to the present day. Includes non-English-language works in translation, scholarly and critical editions, first night program texts, and critical analysis and contextual information.
Critical interpretations, theatre history surveys and major reference works on authors, movements, practitioners, periods and genres are included alongside performance and practitioner texts, acting and backstage guides. Streaming video collections within this database include: 1. Globe on screen; 2. Stage on screen; 3. Acting masterclass with Patsy Rodenburg; 4. Maxine Peake's Hamlet.
Also includes the Nick Hern books collection - almost titles from specialist theatre publisher, Nick Hern. Collections added in RSC live, and Hollow Crown filmed performances of Shakespeare and Critical studies and performance practice ebooks. Film index international Film Index International is the definitive online resource focusing on entertainment films and personalities.
It provides in-depth indexing of over , films - from the first silent movies to the latest blockbusters - and biographical information for more than , personalities. Also covers international film awards and prizes as well as searchable plot summaries and full cast and crew lists. Film literature index Annually indexes film and television periodicals from 30 countries cover-to-cover and other periodicals selectively for articles on film and television. The periodicals range from the scholarly to the popular.
More than 2, subject headings provide detailed analysis of the articles. The FLI Online contains approximately , citations to articles, film reviews and book reviews published between At times, the nurses faced negative responses from members of the public and from other healthcare professionals who did not understand what the role of nurses could be outside of hospitals and, in the case of other healthcare professionals, were concerned about infringement on their professional territory. However, the most significant consequence of the cultural challenge these nurses presented was trouble with the regulatory association 2 as they sought to have their practices approved as nursing practices.
Almost all of them told emotional stories about their experiences with the regulatory association. Denise expressed a common sentiment when she said she has "cried more in my career as a private nurse about [regulatory issues] and being afraid of being kicked out [of nursing] and being afraid of not doing something. The specific concerns with professional regulation related to significant time delays in obtaining approval, excessive surveillance beyond what employed nurses experienced, and inconsistent decisions about what constitutes nursing practice.
Mary-Jane waited over a year for regulatory approval for her diabetes outreach practice, which would have allowed her to count her practice hours toward her annual registration renewal. While waiting, however, her license lapsed because she could not count unapproved hours.
Several others, who waited months, became "paranoid" about the meaning of the delay and the scrutiny to which they were subjected. Kelly home care agency wondered, "[w]hy do I have to justify myself when no other nurse does? I know a lot of nurses [in traditional practices] and their practice isn't necessarily scrutinized like this is.
The application form, which was one of the documents analyzed in this study, was very long and the questions were geared toward the work that nurses would do in traditional clinical practice. While Carla acknowledged that "they're [the regulatory association] trying to make an assessment, they feel they have the safety of the public at heart," she also believed that "they lack understanding These nurses also felt disheartened by the narrow conception of nursing under which the regulatory association functioned. Many struggled to have their practices recognized as nursing practices.
For example, Steve, an occupational health nurse, had been unable to secure approval for his practice. The provincial regulatory association had deemed "that occupational health nursing was not in the scope of practice of a nurse," despite the fact that occupational health nursing is a recognized specialty of the Canadian Nurses' Association. He said:. We're trying to expand our role and educate people about registered nurses and here's a prime opportunity to show what a nurse can do and yet we don't get support from our own organization. As well, regulatory issues were a constant topic of discussion at meetings of the private practice nurses' association.
These findings demonstrate the effectiveness of focused ethnography in revealing the tensions that exist in dynamic cultural contexts and show what these nurses faced, both as individuals and a collective, as they pushed the boundaries of nursing's conventional professional culture.
In the end, it is not the data collection techniques that make a study ethnographic; it is the intent of the research that legitimates the use of the label WOLCOTT, In this article, I have illustrated that data collection strategies can be adapted in focused ethnography and yet still produce rich data that preserves the ethnographic intent to reveal the common elements of culture such as values, beliefs, knowledge, skills, actions, and power dynamics.
As WOLCOTT points out, standard procedures can underwrite ethnographic work but there is ample opportunity to consider alternative approaches and make changes. The relationship between ethnography and sociopolitical policy has been a topic of discussion. Interest in focused ethnography has been generated mainly within the practice disciplines and industry. There is a drive for research evidence that can be produced in a timely fashion in order to inform policy- and practice-relevant decision-making. If ethnographic research is conducted mainly in response to corporate or organizational information demands, the risk is that it will fail to capture the richness of a cultural context and the theoretical significance of the findings.
While focused ethnographic projects might be brief in comparison to traditional anthropological ethnographies, ethnography is not "something to be done by anyone in a hurry" WOLCOTT, , p. Perhaps it is appropriate now to re-direct our understandings of focused ethnography away from its brevity and practicality and consider the ways in which this methodological adaptation makes it possible to use ethnography in situations where it may not have worked if conducted traditionally, such as in the example presented herein. Significantly, this conception of focused ethnography bridges a gap between traditional ethnography that develops knowledge and adapted forms of ethnography that are conducted to address practical problems.
This study example highlights how new settings and purposes for ethnography may mean that research questions, researcher status, and data collection strategies are not conventional. As with this research, some ethnographic studies may require a distinct focus and may begin with specified research questions. They may be characterized by absent or short-term field visits. Increasingly, ethnographers will be entering their study settings with much more of a prior connection than ethnographers of old who traveled to distant and unfamiliar lands.
These features of contemporary ethnography necessitate a re-evaluation of the methodological structure of ethnography and the ways that this can change without threatening its fundamental intent. There is some support in the literature for focused ethnography, although in my experience, the method has met with skepticism. WOLCOTT suggests that, without the classic data collection strategies of participant observation, interviewing, and archival analysis, a study might not be ethnographic.
As well, time spent in observation does not guarantee that all data collected will be useful or pertinent; other data collection strategies might yield richer data with less investment of time MILLEN, Thus, despite the ways in which this study deviated methodologically from traditional ethnography, it maintained the essential character and purpose of ethnography, thus legitimizing focused ethnography as an appropriate approach to studying culture.
Agar, Michael Culture: Can you take it anywhere? International Journal of Qualitative Methods , 5 2 , Art. Alasuutari, Pertti The globalization of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Ethnography and participant observation. In Norman K. Lincoln Eds. Ethnography: Post, past, and present. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography , 28 5 , Handbook of ethnography. Finally focused?
Neither "ethno" nor "graphy. Brink, Pamela J. What is becoming of ethnography? Qualitative Health Research , 13 7 , Canadian Nurses' Association On your own—The nurse entrepreneur. Cruz, Edward V. The use of focused ethnography in nursing research. Nurse Researcher , 20 4 , Denzin, Norman K. Introduction: The discipline and practice of qualitative research. Erickson, Frederick Some approaches to inquiry in school-community ethnography.
Fetterman, David M. Ethnography step by step. Geertz, Clifford The interpretation of cultures. New York: Basic Books. Grbich, Carol Qualitative data analysis. Heyl, Barbara S. Ethnographic interviewing. Higginbottom, Gina Guidance on performing focused ethnographies with an emphasis on healthcare research. The Qualitative Report , 18 , Art. International Council of Nurses Geneva: Author. Kien, Grant Qualitative Inquiry , 14 7 , Knoblauch, Hubert Focused ethnography. Marcus, George Sticking with ethnography through thick and thin.
Related The Researchers Toolkit: The Complete Guide to Practitioner Research (Routledge Study Guides)
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